Understanding the Wheel Trading Strategy

Key Takeaways

  • The wheel strategy provides a steady income stream through premium collection from selling put and call options

  • Traders can acquire stocks at potentially reduced prices compared to the market value through option assignment.

  • Holding cash to cover potential assignments helps mitigate risks associated with stock ownership.

Traders around the globe are increasingly drawn to strategies that offer a balance between effectively managing risks and maximizing profit potential. The wheel trading strategy has emerged as a prominent choice in this regard. This article explores what is the wheel trading trading strategy, principles, benefits, and potential risks associated with this strategy.  

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What is the Wheel Trading Strategy?

Also referred to as the “covered put write” or “cash-secured put,” the wheel trading strategy is a conservative approach in options trading. Traders employ this technique by selling put options on a security while simultaneously maintaining enough cash in their account to buy the underlying asset if the options are assigned. This strategic method not only aims to generate income through premium collection but also allows traders to acquire stocks at a potentially reduced price, enhancing their overall investment portfolio. 

How the Wheel Trading Strategy Works

What is the wheel trading strategy process? It starts with the investor selling a cash-secured put option on a stock they want to own. By selling the put option, the trader collects a premium. If the option expires worthless, the trader keeps the premium as profit. However, if the option is assigned, meaning the stock price falls below the strike price, the trader purchases the stock at the strike price, often at a discount to the current market price due to the premium received.

Once the trader acquires the stock, they can choose to sell covered calls against the position. Covered calls involve selling call options on the stock the trader already owns. If the stock price remains below the call option’s strike price, the trader keeps the premium collected from selling the call options.

Potential Benefits of the Wheel Trading Strategy

  • Income Generation: The strategy offers a consistent income stream through premium collection from selling put and call options.
  • Stock Acquisition at a Discount: In case of assignment, the trader obtains the stock at a lower price than the current market value.
  • Risk Mitigation: The strategy entails holding cash to cover potential assignments, decreasing the risk linked with stock ownership.

Risks and Considerations

  • Stock Price Volatility: Sudden fluctuations in stock prices can result in losses, particularly if options are assigned.
  • Market Conditions: Specific market conditions, like low volatility or rapidly changing stock prices, can impact the strategy’s effectiveness.
  • Assignment Risk: If stock prices drop significantly, the trader may end up buying the stock at a higher price than its market value.


Understanding what is the wheel trading strategy means gaining insights into the intriguing balance between income generation and risk management it offers. Traders should carefully assess their risk tolerance, market conditions, and financial goals before implementing this strategy.

As with any trading approach, thorough research, continuous monitoring, and a clear understanding of options trading principles are essential. However, these do not eliminate the inherent risk of losing money present in every trading activity. Traders should trade responsibly and only with funds that they can afford to lose.

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Jeff Sekinger

Founder & CEO, Nurp LLC

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